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Satellite nations

A common factor in the historical development of the countries in East Central Europe which became part of the Warsaw Pact is the presence of a number of 'imperial layers' simultaneously some of which date from medieval or early modern times (e.g. in the case of the Czechs and Slovaks). Analogous issues can be found in the history of the Baltic states. The transition of Ostpreussen to Kaliningradskaja oblast is a special case. But the distinction between Soviet acquisitions which were directly integrated into the USSR and  those which retained titular sovereignty is gradual with respect to this point.

There are also (non-German) 'small imperial' traditions within East Central Europe,  most significantly the Hungarian and the Polish.

All of this gives the discursive frames we are studying a particular complexity, because they often have mixed heritage and in this way modify the Soviet. This can be seen in the case of architecture (specific Czech elements in the Stalinist Hotel Druzba), but also in performative symbolism such as that of the exile Polnisch Kościuszko division in the USSR im 1943 which implements a peculiar mixtue of Soviet, Polish national and folklore elements. Mass demonstrations in  postwar Czechoslovakia display similar tendencies which might be describes a s „métissage“ between Soviet practices and those of the Czech legions of the First and Second World War. In these imperial framings, the „own“ and the „alien“ enter into a specifically complex relationship.

Many of these practices survive the non-shynchonized waves of 'de-stalinization' in individual countries and cultural territories.