The cultural territory which philologians call 'East Slavic' presents particlar problems for issues of the imperial. This very problems are of constitutive significance for that which becomes the 'Eastern Bloc' after World War II – not only due to the central role of the Russian language. They effect the very core of what becomes the second world.

The purely geographical and/or geopolitical borders with cultures which developped alternative imperial conceptions (Germans, Tatars, Poles, Turks, Swedes) shapes the Muscovite, then Petersburg model of a multinational imperial configuration.

Of direct significance are all approaches which attempt to account for a Russian 'culturosophy' (Dirk Uffelmann), particularly with respect to the „West“, i.e. along the divide between „Slavophiles“ and „Westernizers“.

The foundation of the Bolshevik „antiimperial empire“ gives the imperial a new quality, particularly after Stalin's seemingly paradoxical anti-Bolshevik Bolshevism.  This complex double-step seriously effects the border between the 'Slavic-Eastern' and the 'European-Western'. This configuration, in turn, takes on particular contours in the period after WWII, particularly as concerns the Russian national and transnational conceptions.

This becomes particularly evident in the case of the discourse of so-called „kosmopolitizm“. It is of course a barely hidden anti-Semitic campagne. But of equal importance is the fact that the 'scientific' struggle against „kosmopolitizm“ becomes the leading scientific tendency of postwar Stalinism as a whole.

This is one of many areas in whcih the transition to the Chruščev period and the Brežnev period is much less of a break than one might think at first glance.